A good definition of the rule of law that is accepted almost universally. Opinions differ as to whether this should be seen as something completely different from the rule of law. On the one hand, it is a real alternative, and not much is gained by adapting its desirable characteristics, as they are, to the requirements of the rule of law. On the other hand, it has something in common with the understanding of customary law and concepts of the rule of law (such as Hayek`s in 1973), which seek to separate from decrees and laws. It is also sometimes said that the rule of law works best when what is applied in a society can be matched to the standards of fairness and common sense of its members. Hayek`s work on the rule of law took place in two phases: (1) from his war book The Road to Serfdom (1944) to the Constitution of Freedom (Hayek 1960); and (2) the slightly different representation of his trilogy Law, Legislation and Liberty (1973), a representation that better reflects the spirit of the common law and is hostile to the role of legislation. The first known use of this English expression took place around 1500 AD  Another early example of the phrase “rule of law” can be found in a house of commons petition to James I. from England from 1610: The Honourable Kevin Lindgren, former Judge of the Federal Court of Australia, was appointed Assistant Professor of the Rule of Law at the University of Sydney in 2012. He has lectured extensively on the concept of the rule of law and is the author of an article entitled “The Rule of Law: Its State of Health in Australia”. Procedural principles capture a deep and important sense that the law is a kind of government of people that treats them as if they had their own point of view that they could present through the application of norms to their behaviour and situation. Applying a standard to a human individual is not like deciding what to do with a rabid animal or a dilapidated house. It`s about paying attention to a point of view.
As such, it embodies a crucial idea of dignity – respect for the dignity of those to whom the norms are applied, as beings capable of explaining themselves. The Council of the International Bar Association adopted in 2009 a resolution approving a substantial or “thick” definition of the rule of law : Among the many other points of happiness and freedom enjoyed by the subjects of Your Majesty of this Kingdom among your royal ancestors, kings and queens of this empire, there is none to whom they have attributed more love and preciousness than to them, to be guided and governed by the special rule of the law, which gives both the chief and the members what they are entitled to, and not by an uncertain or arbitrary form of government.  Therefore, it can be said that the rule of law is not limited to government and citizens who know and obey the law. The rule of law includes other concepts such as checks and balances on the exercise of governmental power, the independence of the judiciary, the presumption of innocence, access to justice and the right to a fair trial. In countries such as China and Vietnam, the transition to a market economy has been an important factor on the road to the rule of law, as the rule of law is important for foreign investors and economic development. It is not clear whether the rule of law in countries such as China and Vietnam will be limited to trade issues or other areas, and if so, whether these spillovers will improve the prospects for related values such as democracy and human rights.  The rule of law in China has been widely discussed and debated by lawyers and politicians in China. Most legal theorists believe that the rule of law has purely formal characteristics. Some believe that democracy is part of the rule of law.  The courts play a critical role in upholding the rule of law, particularly when hearing complaints from minority groups or persons representing minority views. Equality before the law is such an essential part of the U.S. system of government that when a majority, intentionally or unintentionally, violates the rights of a minority, the court may deem it appropriate to hear both sides of the controversy in court.
John Carey, a professor of government at Dartmouth University, believes that, with free and fair elections, one of the most important defining characteristics of democracy is the rule of law. While the citizens of a democracy elect their leaders and representatives through elections, the rule of law defines the relationship between representatives and citizens between elections. Tell the class that you are going to create a working definition of the rule of law, a concept that dates back to ancient times. Start by asking students to share their ideas and information about the rule of law. A country that adheres to the rule of law ensures this – but that is not the position it has received. According to Joseph Raz (1977) and others, you cannot understand what the rule of law is if you do not already and independently understand what the law is and what characteristic evils the law is likely to produce (which the rule of law is trying to prevent). For this reason, legality represents a number of concerns about the law that have arisen in our civilization. The fact that these concerns undoubtedly have a moral character (even if they are not global moral concerns) means that, in Raz`s view, it is preferable to separate them from the concept of law itself, for fear of introducing a moral element into that concept. The norms of constitutional economy can be used during the annual budget process, and if this budget planning is transparent, the rule of law can benefit. The availability of an effective judicial system that can be used by civil society in situations of unjust public spending and the confiscation of funds pre-approved by the executive is a key element of the success of the rule of law.  The rule of law is an ongoing system of laws, institutions, standards and community engagement that provides that the rule of law may be impeded if there is a gap between legal consensus and public consensus…..